The specific definition of goal with-respect-to this post is:
A goal is a desired outcome toward which effort is expended to achieve.
An objective is a goal that defines an increment of progress toward a main/greater goal.
The following provides ideas to consider in formulating goals.
SMART stands for Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant and Time-Based. A SMART goal is really a high-level plan for achieving a main goal and its elements are objectives to be met to accomplish it. The following is an example.
Main Goal: Write a novel.
The SMART goal objectives might be:
- Specific: Use social media to write a minimum of 150 pages.
- Measurable: Write one chapter a month, or 3-5 pages per week.
- Attainable: Create a story design and use it to write the story which will be self-published.
- Relevant: Using social media will help establish a readership.
- Time-Based: Complete the manuscript and have it ready to publish in one year.
The SMART goal following from these objectives can be written as:
To establish a readership, write a 150-page novel on social media by writing one chapter per month (3-5 pages per week). The book will be completed in one year and will be self-published.
Type of Goals
Examples of goal types are:
- The need to win a competition, the love of another, etc.
- The need to stop someone, something bad from happening, etc.
- The need to escape
- The need to deliver a message, one’s self, an item, get to a destination, etc.
- The need to retrieve a magic ring, a hidden or lost treasure, a lost love, etc.
Categories of Goals
Examples of goal categories from Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs are:
- Physiological: Air, Water, Food, Clothing, Shelter
- Safety and Security
- Protection against assault or injury
- Adequate money
- Steady emplorment
- Good health
- Protection of private property
- Love and Belonging: Friendship, Romance, Intimacy, Family
- Esteem and Recognition: Independence, Compensation, Respect, Promotion, Credit, Gratitude, Appreciation
- Higher education
- Spiritual enlightenment
- Artistic pursuits
- Travel and experience
- Altruistic and charitable contributions to others
The following references provide information about specific goals: